— One-time Administration of AMT-130 Demonstrates for the First Time Efficacy in Large Animal Model
— Strong Dose-Dependent Reduction of Mutant Huntingtin Protein and Widespread Vector Distribution in Brain
— IND-enabling Toxicology Study to Commence in 2H 2017 —
LEXINGTON, Mass. and AMSTERDAM, the Netherlands, April 26, 2017 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) — uniQure N.V. (NASDAQ:QURE), a leading gene therapy company advancing transformative therapies for patients with severe medical needs, today presented new preclinical data on AMT-130, a gene therapy candidate for the treatment of Huntington’s disease (HD), at the 12th Annual CHDI HD Therapeutics Conference in Malta.
Data from the study demonstrate widespread and effective AAV5 vector distribution and extensive silencing of the human mutant huntingtin gene (HTT) in minipigs, among the largest HD animal models available for testing. AMT-130 consists of an AAV5 vector carrying a DNA cassette encoding artificial micro-RNA (miHTT) that silences the huntingtin gene. The proof-of-concept study was performed by uniQure in collaboration with Prof. Jan Motlik, Director of the Institute of Animal Physiology and Genetics in the Czech Republic and Ralf Reilmann, Founding Director of the George Huntington Institute in Germany.
“Using AAV vectors to deliver micro-RNAs directly to the brain represents a highly innovative approach to treating Huntington’s disease,” stated Prof. Motlik. “This study demonstrated that a single administration of AAV5-miHTT resulted in significant reductions in HTT mRNA in all regions of the brain transduced by AMT-130, as well as in the cortex. Consistent with the reduction in HTT mRNA, we also observed a clear dose-dependent reduction in mutant huntingtin protein levels in the brain, with similar trends in the cerebral spinal fluid. Taking into account the similarities of CHDI’s proprietary transgenic pig model to the human brain, these results provide additional data to support moving forward with clinical trials of uniQure’s promising gene therapy for Huntington’s disease.”
Preclinical Data Findings
Researchers in the study investigated the feasibility, efficacy and safety of AMT-130 in diseased animals with a larger brain size using a transgenic HD minipig model developed by Prof. Motlik and supported by the CHDI Foundation. AMT-130 was administered bilaterally into the striatum and thalamus of the minipigs using convection-enhanced, real-time MRI-guided delivery.
Three months after treatment, widespread, dose-dependent distribution of the vector was observed throughout the minipig brain that corresponded strongly with the miHTT expression. Expression of mutant HTT mRNA was significantly reduced in all regions of the brain transduced by AMT-130 by 50% to 80%, as well in the cortex by up to 40%, compared with control. Researchers also observed a dose-dependent reduction in mutant huntingtin protein levels of more than 50% in the brain, as well as similar trends in cerebral spinal fluid. Both the surgical procedure and AAV5-miHTT treatment were well tolerated with no adverse events.
“This study is an important step in our Huntington’s disease gene therapy program, demonstrating for the first time in a large animal model that AAV5 can be used safely and effectively to deliver micro-RNAs to silence mutant huntingtin,” stated Pavlina Konstantinova, Ph.D., director of new therapeutic target discovery at uniQure. “We are very encouraged by the significant reductions in mutant huntingtin protein, and believe that knock-down of this magnitude has the potential to significantly alter the course of the disease. The positive data from this study, together with data from our previous studies in rodent models showing strong reductions in huntingtin and prevention of neuronal dysfunction, provide strong proof of concept for AMT-130 as a potential groundbreaking treatment for patients suffering from Huntington’s disease. We look forward to commencing the toxicology study in non-human primates later this year, which we expect to support an Investigational New Drug (IND) application for AMT-130 in 2018.”